Technical Information for the Hacksaw Blades

How to Choose the Right Type of Hacksaw Blades

Choosing of the hacksaw blade with the correct tooth number per inch depends on dimensions and type of the cutting material.

14 teeth/ 25 mm - cutting of thin materials of all types as tubes, pipes, profiles etc.
10 teeth / 25 mm - cutting of all material types with small and medium dimensions
6 teeth / 25 mm - cutting of all material types of greater thickness
4 teeth / 25 mm - cutting of soft material types of greater thickness

RECOMMENDED TEETH PER 25MM (TPI) FOR EACH MATERIAL TYPE:

Material Material diameter (mm)
10-30 30-100 100-250
Teeth per inch (25mm)
Free machining steel
Building irons
Structural steel
14-8 8-6 6-4
Heat-treated steel
Nitridated steel
14-8 8-6 6-4
Unalloyed tool steel
Alloyed tool steel
10-8 6-4 4
Spring steel 14-8 8-6 6-4
High temperature steel
Stainless steel
8-6 6-4 6-4
Malleable cast iron to 200HB
Gray iron over 200HB
8-6 6-4 4
Cast iron 10-8 8-6 6-4
Dural
Bronze
Aluminium
Brass
6-4 6-4 6-4

Small tooth number is suitable for thicker material cutting and greater tooth number is better for thin profile cutting.

How to Use Power Hack Saw Blades Properly

  1. It is important to pay the same attention to power hack saw blades as to any other tools.
  2. Keep the machine in good technical condition. It is especially needed to check if:
    1. the lifting arm and its function are in order,
    2. oil pump of the lifting arm is clean and without air bubbles.
  3. Tighten the hack saw blade in the machine in correct position and straighten it properly.
  4. Tighten the cutting material firmly into the clamps so that as many teeth as possible cut ( at least 4, maximum 30).
  5. While bundle cutting (more pieces at once) make sure each piece is firmly tightened.
  6. While cutting metal castings make sure you remove foundry sand from the surface with bastard file or steel brush. Sand can cause the hack saw to run dull very fast.
  7. While staring the machine, lower the saw frame carefully and change the pressure or lower the feed speed for several first cuts (only when new blade is used).
  8. Do not use too high or too low pressure.
  9. Always use cooling fluids while cutting.
  10. After cutting two or three pieces check the tension of the blade.
  11. After a certain cutting period check the time needed for a single cut. In case this time is irregularly long, replace the blade immediately with new one.
  12. Never start cutting with new blade in old cut-line. Setting of previously used blade was already smaller and cut-line is too narrow for a new blade. It is necessary to release, turn the cutting material and start cutting again.

Defects and Their Causes

  1. Fast blunting Fast blunting
    • if wrong teeth number is chosen
    • if saw blade is not tightened accurately
    • if cutting speed is too high- especially while cutting hard metals
    • if pressure is too high - teeth go blunt fast
    • insufficient pressure - teeth grate but do not cut in
    • insufficient cooling
    • if defects in mechanism for reverse cutting occur
  2. Teeth breaking Teeth breaking
    • tooth pitch is too small (teeth number per 25mm) while cutting thin elements
    • if cutting sharp edges or thin- walled elements when not even 4 teeth are in cut at once.
    • if material is not tightened well
  3. Breaking of saw blade Breaking of saw blade
    • unqualified straightening of saw blade in machine frame
    • improperly chosen hack saw blade for high feed
    • careless lowering of machine frame
    • cutting material is not tightened properly
    • driving new hack saw into cutting line previously made by used hack saw blade.
    • jammed material while finishing the cut
    • defective bearings in machine or defective stroke
  4. Curved cutting Curved cutting
    • wrong fixing of blade in the machine
    • blade is insufficiently tightened
    • material is insufficiently tightened
    • too high pressure and wrong chosen blade
    • hard spots inside the material
    • faulty machine - worn bearings, frame is not fixed

By choosing the right hack saw blade in correct dimensions for cutting particular material type you will reach the most economical cutting performance. Do not forget to follow the above instructions while using hack saw blades.

 
 


© 2006-2017 PILANA a.s.,
All rights reserved
Nadrazni 804, 768 24 Hulin, Czech Republic
Tel.: +420 573 328 200, fax: +420 573 328 140, e-mail:
DNV certifications ISO 9001:2000 Topinfo CMS